The topic of juvenile delinquency is a fertile area for construction of sociological theory three major sociological traditions, including structural functionalism, symbolic interactionism, and conflict theory, contribute to the explanation of delinquency much of the work in this area seeks to. Understanding juvenile delinquency the questions that shape the scientific study of juvenile delinquency constitute attempts to define, describe, explain, and respond to delinquent behavior. Theories that explain the correlates & causes of delinquency no single theoretical orientation can adequately explain the multiple variables and factors that cause delinquent behavior, so a number of criminologists have taken the best parts of different theories and combined them in a single general or integrated theory.
Although gst seems to be an important theory in explaining juvenile delinquency, some mixed empirical evidence suggests that gst can still be improved agnew (2001, 2006a, 2006b) revised gst from its original version in order to respond to. Biological theories of crime attempt to explain behaviors contrary to societal expectations through examination of individual characteristics these theories are categorized within a paradigm called positivism (also known as determinism), which asserts that behaviors, including law-violating behaviors, are determined by factors largely beyond individual control. Throughout the history of juvenile justice, criminologists and others inter- ested in deviant behavior have sought to explain why certain individuals act in certain ways at certain times.
Despite the fact that the theory focuses on the overall rates of committing crime among people of all ages, careful analysis can lead to a more direct link to juvenile crime the theory too, seeks to clarify why male commit crimes more than females, and why females commit crime in the general social perspective (weiher et al 1991, p 42. Critical or radical criminology theories tend to explain crime and delinquency in terms of the relationship between capitalism and criminal and juvenile justice. Shaw & mckay focuses on the effects of location and location-specific characteristics as they relate to crime neighborhoods lacking organization lack the necessary social controls and are unable to provide essential services -- this leads to an inability of the community to control its public. Chapter 3 4 explaining crime 31 introduction to criminological theory several theories attempt to explain criminal behavior some theories assume: • crime is part of human nature • crime is based on biological, psychological, sociological, and/or economic aspects. A large number of individual factors and characteristics has been associated with the development of juvenile delinquency these individual factors include age, gender, complications during pregnancy and delivery, impulsivity, aggressiveness, and substance use.
Juvenile delinquency agnew's general strain theory of crime and delinquency a micro-level social psychological revision of strain theory based on social strain. Another theory about juvenile delinquency is the subculture theory in 1955, albert cohen developed the subculture theory, which is a culmination of several of his theories the subculture theory is much like it sounds juveniles that do not meet the social standards seek validation from a subculture. In the 1970's, juvenile arrests increased in almost every serious crime category, and female juvenile crime more than doubled during the most recent five year period studied, juvenile arrests decreased slightly each year. Juvenile crime essay examples 7,064 words 16 pages theories on juvenile crime 1,601 words a presentation of several theories explaining juvenile crime. Theories of delinquency there are several theories related to the causation of crime and delinquency a theory is a principle or an idea that attempts to define and.
Skinnerian based social psychological theories of reinforcement and punishment are influential in this model of criminal control although the idea of punishment for crime has a much longer history (jeffery, 1990. Any idea about the causes, extent, and correlates of juvenile delinquency is essentially a theory, such as equating juvenile delinquency with sin and violating god's law for more than two centuries, academic criminologists have developed a host of theories to explain juvenile delinquency. Define and explain the sociological perspective in explaining human behavior in general and juvenile delinquency in particular as compared to the biological and psychogenic approaches. Ecological theory seeks to explain delinquency based on where it occurs shaw and mckay 's social disorganization theory is the most prominent theory.
Several related theories fall under the conflict perspective outlined in chapter 1 understanding social problems although they all have something to say about why people commit crime, their major focus is on the use and misuse of the criminal law and criminal justice system to deal with crime.
Of the theory had been used to explain crime, (2) the theory was considered significant by scholars in several disciplines, including psychology, and(3) theassumptions inthe theory includeda focus. Nevertheless, it seems there is no theory which explains juvenile delinquency everywhere and every time i'm interested for the same question, and i'm trying to find the best answer since 2008 more and more i tend to express lack of general causes of juvenile crime in different places and times. Juvenile delinquency theories individual-level theories rational choice theory: a utilitarian belief that a person makes a rational choice to commit a crime based on the payoffs and costs of the crime (bartollas, 2011.