Its most notable proponent was frederick lugard, who developed indirect rule in nigeria during 1912-19, and expounded the idea in his dual mandate in british tropical africa (1922) as colonies were developed, it was applied elsewhere in africa, and in malaya. Indirect rule is a system of government used by the british and french to control parts of their colonial empires, particularly in africa and asia, through pre-existing local power structures. Indirect rule, africa although the historiography of indirect rule in africa is abundant, the subject is still generally misunderstood, misunderstood in its origins, meaning, operation, and significance. Ira one-rollover-per-year rule you generally cannot make more than one rollover from the same ira within a 1-year period you also cannot make a rollover during this 1-year period from the ira to which the distribution was rolled over.
Indirect rule is a term used by historians and political scientists to describe a system of government that was developed in certain british non-colonial dependencies often called protectorates or trucial states. Indirect rule is in our corpus but we don't have a definition yet these example sentences show you how indirect rule is used these examples are from the cambridge english corpus and from sources on the web any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the cambridge dictionary. Indirect rule is when one country, lets say england, governs another country, let say nigeria, but the governed people in nigeria get to keep certain administration and legal powers.
British colonial administration frequently resorted to a system of indirect rule where alien political norms and structures were imposed on imperial subjects: the system of indirect rule, also popularly known as native administration, occupied a high place in the politics and administration of colonial nigeria. What was 'indirect rule' it was a system of colonial administration, mainly british, by which colonial powers ruled through local chiefs the concept was not new, as it stemmed from the fact that great african empires had been run this way too. Indirect rule is a system of government used by the british and french to control parts of their colonial empires, particularly in africa and asia, through pre-existing local power structures these dependencies were often called protectorates or trucial states.
Indirect rule was a system where colonial powers used traditional rulers (‚chiefs™) as the local level of government, empowering them to tax, dispense law and maintain order. Indirect rule was the plan to use existing tribal structures and traditions as conduits for establishing rules and regulations while english officials worked behind the scenes and could exercise a veto power in some cases the british designated a person to act as chief in settings where there was no clearly hierarchical structure in place. In nigeria: nigeria as a colonysystem subsequently institutionalized as indirect rule essentially, local government was to be left in the hands of the traditional chiefs, subject to the guidance of european officers.
Direct rule is a system of governmental rule in which the central authority has power over the country indirect rule is a system of government in which a central authority has power over a country or area, but the local government maintains some authority indirect rule and direct rule are the. The governor general refused to accept the memorandum but agreed to a government-supervised transformation of indirect rule into a modernized system of local government our policy in all the three territories shows that the last thing we want is to introduce direct rule in place of indirect rule. Indirect rule bibliography within colonial discourse, indirect rule designates a british system of african governance through indigenous chiefs, usually contrasted with french assimilation, a more centralized policy of transforming colonial subjects into replicas of european citizens. In direct rule, the central government invokes a strong relationship between its laws and its citizenry direct rule provides for greater control, because a central authority makes all of the laws for another country, state or province no decisions are left to the people under direct rule indirect.
Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free kindle app then you can start reading kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no kindle device required. The british were in charge of nigeria, and they decided to govern through indirect rule, which involves using existing structures within a country in order to establish rule the british would use the chiefs (or annoint a chief if one did not exist in a particular region of nigeria) and use them to spread their rules, regulations and laws. System of colonial rule in southern africa, - theophilus shepstone comes to natal, south africa, starts making deals with local africans, officers to recognize chiefships and customary laws, treats the people he deals with as african kings.
Indirect rule system is one that leaves running of government totraditional rulers this was a system that was developed by britainin non-colonial dependencies. Indirect rule was a system of government that was developed in certain british colonial dependencies (particularly in parts of africa and asia) by this system, much. The more the government rushed into restructuring 'y' character of state (indirect rule), the worse the situation became regarding violence, and the country was in an uncontrollable situation this started in the 1970s and became desperate. Indirect rule is a system of governance used by the british and french to control parts of their colonial empires, particularly in africa and asia, through pre-existing indigenous power structures.
This article reexamines the venerable concept of indirect rule we argue, drawing on evidence from colonial and postcolonial south asia, that indi- rect rule actually represented a diverse set of governance forms that need to be clearly distinguished. Indirect rule-french and british style believed that it was their task to conserve what was good in indigenous institutions and assist them to develop on their own lines. Colonial expansion, indirect rule sokoto caliphate, indirect rule, igboland, western education, british mandate britain governed nigeria via indirect rule, a system in which native leaders continued to rule their traditional lands so long as they collected taxes and performed other duties ensuring british prosperity.